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Anaesthesiology, or anesthesiology, is a branch of medicine that allows safe usage of medical drugs to induce a reversible state of total or partial lack of responsiveness to surgical procedures, so that they can be carried out smoothly, without causing any distress and inconvenience to the patient Anaesthesia - Defined The term Anaesthesia is derived from the Greek words ‘an’ meaning ‘without’ and ‘aesthesis’ meaning ‘sensation’. Thus, anesthesia literally means ‘without sensation’. The Department of Anaesthesiology at SevenHills Hospital uses the most advanced, safe and patient-focused techniques in the delivery of anaesthetic care. Our team of well-skilled and well-experienced anesthesiologists aims to provide optimum quality of patient care not only in the operation theatres but also beyond it, by optimizing preoperative patient status and providing comprehensive patient care during the early post operative period. Types of Anaesthetics If you have to undergo a surgery, your doctor will give you a drug called ‘anaesthetic’. Anaesthetics reduce or prevent pain during the surgery process. There are four main types of anesthetics that are used in the healthcare industry. The type of anaesthesia which your doctor chooses to use depends on many factors like the procedure of your surgery and your current health. Local: numbs one small area of the body. You stay awake and alert. Conscious or intravenous (IV) sedation: uses a mild sedative to relax you and a pain medicine to relieve pain. You stay awake but may not remember the procedure afterwards. Regional anesthesia: blocks pain in an area of the body, such an arm or leg. Epidural anesthesia, which is sometimes used during childbirth, is a type of regional anesthesia. General anesthesia: affects your whole body. You go to sleep and feel nothing. You have no memory of the procedure afterwards.